Neuropsychology is a discipline concerned with the brain mechanisms of complex cognition, such as memory, attention, decision making, and language. Neuropsychology has two arms. One arm is a field of basic science concerned with the brain mechanisms of normal cognition. As such, it merges with “cognitive neuroscience” and increasingly relies on state-of-the art tools like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), including functional MRI (fMRI). The other arm is a field of clinical science and clinical practice. It is often referred to as “clinical neuropsychology.” Clinical neuropsychology plays a vital role in the disgnosis and treatment of various forms of brain damage, incliding Traumatic Brain Injury, dementias, and other disorders.
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